Muscle cramps are a common problem which may result from overtraining, dehydration or even sitting for too long in a certain position. Cramps are the body’s way of telling you that you are experiencing strain and tension in your muscles. The key to preventing muscle cramps lies in taking adequate precautions and ensuring that you are well rested while exercising. Treating muscle cramps is another matter altogether.
Treatment requires that you follow a systematic plan for alleviating the muscle cramps. Preventing and treating muscle cramps is the way to true health and fitness. In this article, we will discuss some of the many ways to prevent and treat muscle cramps that are available to people whether they are professional sports persons or fitness enthusiasts.
7 Ways To Prevent And Treat Muscle Cramps
Avoid Getting Dehydrated
You should make sure that you drink plenty of liquids for the day. While the amount of water that you need is dependent on your age, gender and medical condition, it is generally essential that you drink enough water during the day.
This is because liquids help your muscles to contract and relax and ensure that the cells of the muscles are well hydrated. This prevents muscle cramps and soreness.
Do Stretching Exercises
Muscle cramps can be alleviated by doing stretching exercises which enable you to have adequate warm up before you start an exercise.
Stretching exercises help you to be able to give enough flexibility and mobility to your muscles. This helps in preventing muscle cramps.
Take Adequate Nutrition
Vitamins and electrolytes are crucial for your body and they ensure that you are able to become strong, fit and muscular. They also help in preventing muscle cramps. By consuming the required amount of nutrients in a day, you will be able to prevent your body from cramping.
To treat muscle cramps, you have to apply compress. Apply heated pads or ice packs to the affected area. This helps to soothe the body and heal the cramps. Muscle cramps can be treated by helping the body to overcome pain by applying compress and soothing creams.
Contract Your Muscles
Another way to treat muscle cramps is the contraction of muscles which are in the group opposite to the muscle which is cramping. For example, if the hamstrings are experiencing a muscle cramp, you need to exercise the upper thigh.
Muscle cramps can be treated by stretching and contracting the muscles in the opposite group as this helps you to be able to handle the problem effectively.
Take A Massage
It is also important to take an oil massage if you want to treat muscular cramps. The muscles get soothed and the stress and tension is released following the massage.
Treating muscle cramps by massaging creams and healing ointments is also an effective way to soothe and ease the muscular cramps.
Avoid Jerky Movements
Another way to prevent cramps is to avoid jerky movements as this can prevent you from being able to become prone to cramps. Jerky movements while exercising can only create a problem for you.
Suddenly springing to attention or twisting your muscles in an awkward position can result in a muscle cramp. Therefore, you need to do fluid movements while exercising.