5 Type 2 Diabetes And Exercise: Guidelines And Benefits

Guidelines And Benefits

Exercise is ideal for people with type 2 diabetes.  Exercise has the benefit of helping those with type 2 diabetes to be able to control their blood sugar levels and weight. Along with diet and medicine, exercise is a very important component of healthcare for people having type 2 diabetes.

Many healthcare providers stress the importance of exercising while having type 2 diabetes. The many advantages of performing exercise far outweigh the risks and with proper precautions, exercise can ensure that diabetic patients receive many benefits such as reduced blood pressure, lower blood sugar, lowering of body weight and improvement in the health of the heart.

However, there are also many disadvantages of exercising too strenuously while having type 2 diabetes. Therefore, care should be taken to design the exercise program keeping in mind the recommendations of the doctor and the risks associated with prolonged exercise.  In this article, we will discuss benefits and guidelines of exercise for people who suffer from type 2 diabetes.

5 Controlling Type 2 Diabetes Through Exercise

Advantages Of Exercising

increasing bone density and strength

Exercise assists in controlling type 2 diabetes by reducing blood pressure and increasing bone density and strength. It also increases muscle strength and helps to burn excessive body fat. It improves blood circulation and protects the heart by cutting down LDL cholesterol or low density lipoproteins. It also cuts down on stress and improves the body’s energy levels.

Type 2 Diabetes And Strength Training

lifting weight

Strength training or resistance training involves lifting weight or moving your body against a weight. Push ups are a good way to exercise for those with type 2 diabetes. Push ups can lower blood sugar levels and improve the health of the heart.  Research has shown that strength training can lower body weight, improve insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance and reduce blood sugar levels.The American Diabetes Association has recommended people with type 2 diabetes start a strength training program to assist in controlling blood sugar levels. People with type 2 diabetes can start with 15 repetitions for about 3 times in a week and go up to about 45 repetitions thrice in the week.

Cardiovascular Exercises And Type 2 Diabetes

Cardiovascular Exercises And Type 2 Diabetes


Aerobic exercises are of great benefit in controlling blood sugar levels of those with type 2 diabetes. Cardiovascular workouts improve heart health and control body weight as well.  Cycling, jogging, sprinting, running, aerobic exercises and swimming are great ways to reduce stress and control type 2 diabetes.The boost which the body gets from working out is greatly beneficial. Cardiovascular exercises burn excess glucose in the body and lower resistance to insulin. They are vastly helpful in helping a diabetic patient to counteract the symptoms of type 2 diabetes.

Risks Of Strenuous Exercising With Type 2 Diabetes

blood sugar

Some of risks of exercising strenuously with diabetes includes hypoglycemia, diabetic retinopathy, poor blood sugar control and pain in the lower body.  Blood sugar levels may fall drastically when prolonged exercise is conducted.  Strenuous exercising can also lead to retinal detachment.Diabetic patients can also lose sense in lower extremities when they exercise excessively. Therefore, excessive exercise should be avoided for those who have type 2 diabetes. What is more important is to perform exercises in a moderate and regulated way.

Precautions While Exercising With Type 2 Diabetes

Precautions While Exercising With Type 2 Diabetes

People with type 2 diabetes need to inform their healthcare providers about their exercise regimen and ensure that their doctor approves of the exercise plan beforehand.  Diabetic patients need to take care that their feet are dry during exercise. The American Diabetes Association recommends silica gel, cotton polyester socks or air mid soles to keep feet dry and blister free during workouts. Make sure you do warm up exercises before commencing with the workout.

Prolonged exercise can cause hormones such as adrenaline to rise leading to an increase in blood sugar levels. Therefore, people with type 2 diabetes need to take precautions while exercising strenuously.  Exercise should be moderate. If prolonged exercise is undertaken, consultations with the health care provider are necessary to ensure that medication and calorific intake are adjusted taking into account the nature of the exercise. In order to reduce the risk of hypoglycemia in diabetic patients, exercise should be conducted at the same time each day and dietary patterns should be carefully regulated as well.





by Janhvi Johorey